News

Con Edison Joins NY4P for Spring Cleanup & Planting in Morningside Park

Thursday, June 14, 2012
Rain fell overnight into the early morning of Saturday, June 2, but the sun was shining for NY4P’s mid-morning cleanup and planting in Morningside Park – perfect conditions for planting and weeding in the still-damp soil.
 
We were joined by 15 volunteers from Daffodil Project sponsor Con Edison and Friends of Morningside Park, along with Parks Department Supervisor Joe Spano and several maintenance workers from Parks.
 
Friends of Morningside Park head Brad Taylor began the day by sharing the history of the park, which opened in 1895 and was the final green space designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux.
 
Then we dug in, weeding a hillside in the park’s southwest corner. By 1pm, with Joe's guidance, eight new dogwood and mulberry trees were planted along the hillside.
 
Thanks to Con Edison, the Parks Department and Friends of Morningside Park for a successful morning.

Meet a New Yorker for Parks: Deborah Myers

Monday, June 11, 2012
At NY4P’s June 5 Parks budget rally on the steps of City Hall, Debra Myers arrived with a Claremont Park/Mt. Eden Malls/Grand Concourse sign, and a broad smile. She grabbed a green “Support Our Parks” shirt and began waving it wildly. When the event ended, she started handing shirts to participants in the next rally – totally unrelated to parks – that had booked time on the steps. What could they do other than oblige her? She joined them in the fourth row, still waving her green shirt, and still smiling and shouting her support for parks. Though perhaps slightly confused, the participants in the rally joined in, waving their shirts, too. Her passion for parks is contagious. 
 
The effect Myers has on people, along with the lessons of her earliest years, have helped her make a difference for more than 40 years in the Mount Eden section of the Bronx.
 
“I grew up in South Carolina – a rural farming community,” Myers said. “My mother died when I was just six, but I remember always gardening with her. I never forgot how she taught me to be proud of where I lived because it looked beautiful.”
 
In the 1960s, she moved to Harlem, and a few years later, the Bronx, and had children of her own.
 
“All I saw when I moved was concrete, sidewalks, dirty tenement buildings,” she said. “I couldn’t walk outside into green, like I had in my childhood.”
 
She began small, by gaining permission from her landlord to plant flowers in front of her building.

“I wanted to teach my children the same thing my mother taught me. I wanted them to go out their front door and see beauty, like I had,” she said.
 
Her work along the block continued, and she became active in the local civic world, becoming her building’s Tenant Association President and frequently speaking out in public meetings about local education and housing issues. As people encountered the warmth of her community pride, they, too, began planting flowers along residential blocks.
 
Since 1997, Myers has expanded her beautification efforts to nearby 38-acre Claremont Park and the Mount Eden Malls, a narrow, five-block green space that abuts Claremont. Neighbors and friends have joined in droves, helping to line the formerly trash-strewn space with tulips, NY4P daffodils, and other flowers.
 
But Myers didn't stop there. In 2004, she secured a $500,000 allocation from former New York City Council Member Maria Bayez for It’s My Park Day plantings and cleanups along the Malls and attracted the support of Partnerships for Parks, a joint program of the City Parks Foundation and the Parks Department. Partnerships for Parks joined her for the inaugural It’s My Park Day in 2004 and has been a steady partner ever since. In 2006, she founded Friends of Mount Eden Malls and Claremont Park.

But then, despite her efforts to keep the park clean and organize planting and weeding events, Myers said the park’s maintenance conditions deteriorated, largely due to fewer permanent and temporary workers dedicated to Claremont.
 
That makes sense, considering the severe cuts that have been made to the Parks Department’s maintenance and operations budget since 2008, and the 62 percent cut in the temporary worker program that makes up the bulk of the Parks Department’s maintenance staff. Myers’ trusted Park Supervisor was transferred without notice away from Claremont, a place he had known intimately, Myers said.
 
But the last straw for her was NY4P’s 2011 Report Card on Large Parks, which gave Claremont a “D" for maintenance conditions. The report found “an extraordinary amount of litter” impacting athletic fields, courts, lawns and natural areas, along with weed growth, hazardous tree stumps and non-functioning bathrooms.
 
Myers took the report to her local Community Board’s Planning Committee meeting and to Bronx Parks Commissioner Hector Aponte’s office.
 
“The Department really became focused on Claremont after that,” she said. “They really listened, offered to work with us in the community on cleaning and weeding, and now it is much better. I was grateful for the grade, to be honest. It’s kept people on their toes.”
 
Myers is now working with Council Member Fernando Cabrera to secure capital funding for tree pruning, grass re-seeding, and sidewalk and retaining wall repairs. If her past influence and attitude is any indication, she will succeed. Myers just keeps pushing, and touching people with her relentless optimism and spirit. Thanks to those lessons her mom taught her as a little girl in South Carolina, she won’t be letting up anytime soon.
 
“I visit the park, or the Malls, or even my block, and I see children able to see beauty. It gives them a sense of pride in where they live. You can’t give a child back a childhood. I see a little girl smile, and it just makes me so happy. I can’t stop because of that.”

In Ceremony, NY4P Announces 9/11 Tribute Partnership with Bay Ridge School

Friday, May 18, 2012
If there was ever a moment that underscored the importance of the Daffodil Project as a living memorial to 9/11, Wednesday morning’s dedication ceremony at William McKinley IS 259 was it.

An overflow crowd of firefighters, police officers and military personnel gathered in a courtyard at the Bay Ridge, Brooklyn school to honor a student memorial mural that runs along a third-floor hallway of the school. NY4P Executive Director Holly Leicht announced a partnership with the school through the Daffodil Project, which NY4P began in 2001 as a tribute to September 11 and, with almost 5 million free daffodil bulbs planted citywide, has grown into the largest volunteer effort in the city’s history.

The Tribute WTC Visitor Center honored McKinley teachers Thomas Buxton and Roma Karas in February for their 9/11 awareness curriculum, which has inspired 12- and 13-year-old students to create the nearly 700-foot mural and more than 600 original poems over the past six years in remembrance of the attacks.

“The students at McKinley have led an inspired effort to learn about, understand and memorialize the tragic events of 9/11,” Leicht said. "We’re honored that they’ve invited us to join them this fall to plant more than 3,000 bulbs on their school grounds – one for every life lost that day – which will bloom each spring as a sign of renewal and remembrance.”

The exhibit also includes an American flag, and steel and glass from the original World Trade Center site, all of which was donated to the school by Local 46 in honor of the students' six-year memorialization project.

Wednesday’s event was solemn and patriotic throughout, with performances of "The Star Spangled Banner" and "God Bless America" sung by former NYPD officer Daniel Rodriguez, and "Amazing Grace" performed by the FDNY’s Emerald Society Pipes and Drums. Speakers included FDNY Commissioner Salvatore Cassano, NYPD Chief Thomas M. Chan and Tribute Center Board member Lee Ielpi, who briefly choked up while thanking his son, Jonathan, an FDNY firefighter who was killed in the attacks, for giving him the opportunity to meet so many amazing people like the students and teachers of McKinley.

In Memoriam: Greg Jackson

Friday, May 11, 2012
When the Knicks drafted Guilford College point guard Greg Jackson in the 5th round of the 1974 NBA draft, there was no doubt about where he’d live. Jocko, as friends called him, was coming home to Brownsville. During his season with the team, he took the subway to games at Madison Square Garden, always flanked by a group of friends and neighbors from Brownsville. He continued to stand alongside them for the rest of his life.

Jackson, who died on May 1 at age 60 of an apparent heart attack, was a tireless neighborhood advocate and the longtime manager of the Parks Department’s Brownsville Recreation Center. He became manager of the facility in 1997 and transformed it into a welcoming, supportive oasis for a generation of children, teenagers, adults and seniors in the neighborhood – what Rosanne Haggerty, President of the nonprofit group Community Solutions, which works on poverty and housing issues in the area, recently described as “an inviting and respectful place where the idea of violence was challenged by Greg’s warm but firm management.”

That sentiment was echoed by LeRoy Temple, Brooklyn Director of Recreation for the Parks Department. “The first time I met him, I thought – he’s like an uncle,” Temple said. “Everyone’s uncle. Someone reassuring, calm, someone who put you at ease – whether you were 8 or 25 or 40-years-old. He had that same presence for everybody.”

Jackson lived in Brownsville nearly his entire life, and often talked about the “village” it had been when he grew up: a bustling, vibrant and tight-knit community of tenements, small shops and factories. He remained devoted to upholding that environment, even long after crime had overtaken the neighborhood – starting within the walls of the Rec Center.
 
As The New York Times noted in his obituary, the first thing Jackson did on the job was to remove protective, forbidding bulletproof barriers from inside the center. Soon after, The Times said, he “enlisted local artists to paint murals on the walls and expanded the center’s programs beyond athletics, staging plays, running talent shows and holding roller-skating nights. He organized annual old-timers’ weeks, inviting former residents to return for softball and basketball games and barbecues in the name of instilling community pride.”

Temple distinctly remembers the first old-timer event he attended.

“I had heard rumors about the old-timers events, about how well things were run, how strong the relationship was between the Center and the NYPD, but it was really something I needed to witness myself,” Temple said. “I just thought – he’s got everything under control, everything in line. To shut down Linden Avenue with 10,000 people there – it was amazing to see.”
 
In her tribute, Haggerty captured Jackson’s day-to-day influence at the center:

“A typical day at the ‘BRC’ would have seniors at exercise class, lots of youth basketball league action, a swim meet, two or three community service projects being organized, teenagers using the recording studio, afterschool programs,  and Greg working his magic: connecting people, calling in favors to help someone in need, guiding a visitor to see the murals, fish tanks, planetarium and other quirky projects (we once held a meeting in a space decorated as a haunted house) and making everyone who crossed his path a believer in the possibility of restoring the 'village' of Brownsville.”

NY4P had the pleasure of partnering with Jackson and the WNBA’s New York Liberty to host a free basketball clinic last summer in Brownsville, and we saw firsthand his warm leadership style and tremendous impact on the community's youth.

“A few weeks before the WNBA event, we went to meet Greg and visit the Rec Center," said NY4P Executive Director Holly Leicht. "There was a torrential downpour, and there wasn’t a soul on the streets.  But when we walked into BRC, it was like a beehive – kids everywhere, playing basketball, working out in the gym, following Greg around.  There was so much energy and love in that place; you felt it the second you walked in.  And there was Greg, quietly, unassumingly at the center of it all.”

His work often extended beyond his role as manager of the Rec Center. As Founding Director of Community Solutions’ Brownsville Partnership, Jackson spearheaded efforts to tackle a host of local problems, including health, housing, education and violence reduction.

Every step of the way, Temple said, Jackson lived by a mantra that his grandmother had taught him: “Who have you helped today?”

"He’d walk through the neighborhood and ask that question,” Temple said, “and passed on that spirit to countless children.”

Meet a New Yorker for Parks: Phil Hawkins

Thursday, May 10, 2012
Phil Hawkins knew he and his wife had made an ambitious move in 1986 to Crown Heights, a neighborhood roiled by racial tensions and mired in poverty.

He wasn’t shocked to hear gun shots – “three or four times a week maybe” – from neaby Brower Park.

His community work began as a member of his local block association, the Block at Prospect Place, where he helped secure sewer replacements and gained experience working with the local community board, elected officials and police precinct. It wasn’t until 2010 that he helped form Friends of Brower Park, which has helped transform the park into the busy neighborhood anchor it is today.

“There hadn’t been any consistent neighborhood upkeep or stewardship,” Hawkins said. “So we started small – cleaning the park, cleaning the park, cleaning the park. We wanted to change the tone of the park. That back-slapping interconnectedness we see now with people in the neighborhood is tough to get if the park isn’t clean.”

Besides instituting a range of programming in Brower Park – including an annual tree-lighting that has been attended by New York State Senator Eric Adams and top Parks Department officials – Hawkins said the work of Friends of Brower Park has helped unify the north Crown Heights community, especially in the case of a local park maintenance worker.

The worker’s daughter, recently off to college in the Midwest, was struggling to pay housing costs as a freshman. So Hawkins appealed to neighbors, local churches, and Senator Adams, all of whom pitched in to reach the goal needed to keep the daughter in school.

“I like to think that that story tells you something about our organization’s personality,” Hawkins said. “Through all the work we’ve done actually in the park itself, that was one of my biggest successes.”

Hawkins is also proud of his efforts to broaden the appeal of weekly Sunday afternoon soccer games. While the players traditionally hailed from the neighborhood’s sizable Caribbean population, Hawkins has, slowly but successfully, recruited members of the local Hasidic Jewish community – most of whom live on the other side of Eastern Parkway – to join the games.

“It just began with one, maybe two players. But when I saw that, I knew the seed was planted,” he said.

With Friends of Brower Park nearing the final steps of 501(c)(3) establishment, Hawkins has his plate full with an array of seasonal park activities and events  – Easter egg hunts and Santa Claus for kids, exercise classes for seniors, a Sing for Hope anyone-can-play piano for all ages – just to name a few. He has also partnered with NY4P through the Daffodil Project, and in 2010 hosted children misplaced by the Haiti earthquake for a planting. Neighborhood involvement, nonexistent when Hawkins moved to Crown Heights, is at an all-time high.

“Now, it’s not a matter of recruiting, it’s a matter of managing and organizing all of our volunteers,” he said. “We’ve created a network of stakeholders, and when you have that, you lose that element of instability you had years ago.”

Planning Chair Burden Praises NY4P Testimony at NYU Hearing

Friday, May 04, 2012
NY4P Executive Director Holly Leicht delivered testimony before the City Planning Commission and a packed crowd at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in Lower Manhattan last Wednesday. In a long day featuring presentations from a wide range of advocates, Committee Chair Amanda Burden thanked Leicht and NY4P for taking a “well-studied, well thought out, thoughtful approach.”

Our comments were based on our guiding principles that public open spaces should serve the greatest number of constituencies, and be preserved and well maintained in perpetuity.

In general, we support NYU’s goal of increasing public open space within the two-block area under consideration and making the new open spaces more publicly accessible and welcoming than the current configuration.  We commend NYU on making changes to the 2031 plan that improve the public space components, most recently eliminating the proposed temporary gym so that the Mercer Playground will remain untouched and open in its current location until at least 2025.  This change, and the previous commitment to map the playground site and several other strips of New York City Department of Transportation-owned land as permanent parkland, are important to ensuring short- and long-term public access to these open spaces. 

However, we called upon NYU to make three additional critical commitments before the project is approved:
 
·    NYU and the City must commit to not staging construction at Bleecker and LaGuardia on the   LaGuardia Corner Gardens, and to protecting and preserving that garden during any construction that occurs in its proximity.

·    Following the model recently adopted for Rudin Management's housing development project on the former St. Vincent’s Hospital site in the West Village, there must be a stringent maintenance and operations agreement in the restrictive declaration that lays out rules for occupancy, hours of access, closure, notification, use and permitting, and requirements for management, maintenance and repair, governance, oversight, compliance and enforcement. Since the restrictive declaration only covers land owned by NYU, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between NYU and the Parks Department should apply the same rules and requirements to the publicly-owned strips adjacent to NYU’s land.

·    The City should allow for flexibility in the open space plan so that the community can participate in the design and program of those spaces, particularly on the northern block, where construction won’t start for ten years. There needs to be a balance between holding NYU accountable for the quantity and quality of public space while ensuring the community has the opportunity to shape it as the needs of their neighborhood evolve.

Burden encouraged NY4P to participate in crafting the long-term maintenance agreement and to continue a dialogue with the City about how to find a balance between ensuring both accountability and flexibility in the open space plan. We look forward to working with NYU and the City to ensure that the public open spaces created under NYU 2031 are accessible to the broad public and well maintained for generations to come.

NY4P Teams with Friends of Brower Park, Ernst & Young for Cleanup

Thursday, May 03, 2012
When Crown Heights park-users arrive at Brower Park this summer, they’ll find a clean, freshly painted park, thanks to last Friday’s NY4P cleanup with volunteers from Ernst & Young.

Friends of Brower Park founding member Phil Hawkins and 12 volunteers from Ernst & Young joined NY4P for the three-hour event. Brower Park, located in northern Crown Heights, is one of the most popular parks in a district with few such spaces. District 36 ranked 41st of 51 City Council districts in our 2009 District Profile in terms of parkland acres per resident, and 43rd in terms of park and playground acres per child.

Armed with fresh cans of Central Park Green paint supplied by 2006 Daffodil Breakfast honoree and Parks Department Brooklyn Deputy Chief of Operations Tom Ching, we began by painting a retaining wall surrounding two basketball courts, and then picked up trash around the park’s perimeter. With time remaining and our scheduled tasks finished, we were also able to paint the eastern perimeter wall of the park, along Kingston Avenue.

“The involvement  of the volunteers was so beneficial to the community at large and helped in our mission to promote beautification and community within our park,” Hawkins said. “Volunteerism plays such a vital role in helping us reach our goals – especially now with staff cuts in the Parks Department.  We appreciate our partnership with New Yorkers for Parks and look forward to many future ventures.”

Meet a New Yorker for Parks: Kamillah Hanks

Tuesday, May 01, 2012
The idea that a park can help spur community revitalization lies at the heart of Kamillah Hanks’ mission at Tappen Park in Stapleton, Staten Island.

Stapleton was once a center of commerce, home to several German-American breweries in the 19th century. But the completion of the Verrazno-Narrows Bridge, in 1964, helped speed the shift of the Island’s commercial center away from Stapleton, and the community suffered. Tappen Park suffered too.

“The health of the park was a representation of the overall health of the surrounding neighborhood,” said Hanks, 39, who has lived across the street from the park since 1999 and in Stapleton for more than 20 years. “It was pretty abandoned for a while – not the kind of place people wanted to take children to.”

Tappen is just 1.8 acres, but its location makes it a kind of town square for Stapleton. The Village Hall stands on the park’s western edge.

With a background in economic development, Hanks realized the park’s potential.

“I knew that a safe-feeling park could permeate the neighborhood. It’s not an overnight thing, but it can make a difference,” she said.

In 1999, Hanks was elected president of the brand-new Friends of Historic Tappen Park, created with the help of Partnerships for Parks, a joint program of City Parks Foundation and the Parks Department.

Her election was part of a three-year effort by Partnerships to engage community members around Tappen Park, and staff from Partnerships has provided support to her group ever since, including tool loans for cleanups (including the upcoming May 19 It’s My Park Day event), programming consultation, and grants to increase membership and collaboration with other community stakeholders.

“Working with Partnerships for Parks has enabled us to go into the community and say ‘join us’ with more credibility,” Hanks said.

Additionally, support from City Parks Foundation has helped Hanks bring programming into the park, including a summer concert series and Oktoberfest in 2011. More than 3,000 people attended events in the park last year, according to Hanks.

“That's a number," Hanks said, "that would’ve been unimaginable a few years back."

Soon, the group will change names and officially gain nonprofit status. It will be known as the Historic Tappen Park Community Partnership.

“We are changing the name because you cannot do this work alone,” Hanks said. “You have to have partners – schools, local business, other civic organizations.”

Case in point: Hanks' newly-formed relationship with Eden II Programs and its Eden II School, which will relocate to the Tappen Park area next year. The school is geared toward students ages 5 to 21 with autism, and 20 students have already joined Hanks’ group for a planting and horticulture lesson at Tappen. Eden II is helping to coordinate the upcoming It’s My Park Day event.

“Kamillah has welcomed us with open arms into the community and has already initiated programming for our children with autism. The park is beautiful thanks to her hard work, and we are excited to enjoy this special space together. I look forward to continuing our partnership," said Erika Hellstrom, Eden II’s Director of Development and Public Relations.

The City has eyed Stapleton as a new frontier in its long-term waterfront planning, and Hanks feels good about the neighborhood’s future. At the center of it all is Tappan Park, which feels more vibrant than it has in a generation. 

“People feel safe bringing their children here,” said Hanks, who in the same breath also noted her continuous desire to get students involved. “Everything will flow from kids and families in the park. There’s nothing more important.”
 

NY4P Warns of Parks Budget Crisis in Daily News Column

Friday, April 20, 2012
The Parks Department is facing a budget crisis, and NY4P sounded the alarm in an opinion column in the April 9 Daily News. The article, written by NY4P Chair Emeritus Lynden Miller, Chair Edward Wallace and Executive Director Holly Leicht, reiterates NY4P’s March 22 testimony at a City Council hearing on the Parks Department's preliminary FY13 budget. At the hearing, and in our column, we noted the depletion of DPR’s maintenance budget and staff since 2008 and the potential impact of an underfunded parks system.
 
“New York City’s public officials must not abandon our parks and streets — no matter how bad the fiscal crisis,” the piece says. “Our world-class parks attract tourists, raise property values, retain residents and reduce crime. Despite the many demands on the budget, the needs of parks in all five boroughs cannot be ignored. These public spaces are more important than ever as proven economic engines, social equalizers, and constant affirmations of why we live in this city. If this is overlooked once again, New York City and its citizens will suffer.”
 
You can read the full column here.

Economic Reality Demands Changes to Coney Island Boardwalk

Friday, March 09, 2012
For more than a century, New Yorkers for Parks has made adequate and equitable distribution of parks and open spaces throughout New York City, and the resources to support them, its paramount goal.
 
With that mission in mind, we’ll deliver testimony next week at a Public Design Commission hearing that supports a proposed Parks Department pilot program that would replace five blocks of tropical hardwood along the historic Coney Island Boardwalk with a recycled plastic-concrete surface.
 
If the program is adapted, it’s sure to stir controversy, especially among local advocates in southern Brooklyn. Their sentiment is not unwarranted. The Coney Island Boardwalk is an 89-year-old landmark, and the Coney Island summertime experience is woven into the cultural fabric of the city. But given the state of the Parks Department’s budget – and when all options for a new boardwalk are considered – the pilot program makes the most sense for right now. In our testimony, we’ll take a closer look at why.
 
First, it’s important to keep in mind that unlike many capital-intensive City agencies, the Parks Department has no consistent discretionary Mayoral budget and is thus completely reliant on City Council and Borough President discretionary funds for capital improvement projects like the Boardwalk. Large-scale influxes like the state grant that will fund the section under current discussion are infrequent and undependable.
 
Over the past decade, the Parks Department has received an average annual allocation of approximately $1 million for upkeep and reconstruction of boardwalks, and we have no reason to believe that this amount will change in the foreseeable future. One million dollars sounds like a lot of money, but it must be divided between the boardwalks in Coney Island, the Rockaways and Staten Island. To put that amount into additional perspective, the total cost of replacing the Coney Island Boardwalk, taking every potential material into consideration, is between $84 and $128 million. So, at a rate of somewhere less than $1 million per year, it will take between 84 and 128 years, at a minimum, to replace the Boardwalk. This reality highlights the importance of choosing a material with a long lifespan. Whatever material is selected must have substantial durability over time and in the face of Coney Island’s oceanfront conditions in order to maintain its structural integrity during the inevitably long periods between replacement.

Monday's testimony will briefly address the four materials that are primarly being considered as options for the Boardwalk: tropical hardwood, southern yellow pine, black locust, and the recycled plastic-concrete hybrid.
 
Tropical hardwood has been used on the Boardwalk since 1923, and it has proven to be the most decay-resistant wood available. However, its cost is high; its lifespan is shorter than some other materials available on today’s market; and, most importantly, City agencies are under a mayoral mandate to drastically reduce the amount of rainforest woods that they use. For these reasons, tropical hardwood is no longer an option for the Coney Island Boardwalk.
 
In an effort to preserve the Boardwalk's historic character, a number of advocates have proposed the use of locally harvested woods, specifically southern yellow pine and black locust. While southern yellow pine is one of the least expensive options under consideration, it is a soft wood estimated to last just five to eight years of heavy visitor traffic and oceanfront conditions. This short life expectancy, considered alongside the economic reality that it would be replaced on a cycle of at least 97 years, means that a southern yellow pine boardwalk would be in a state of severe decay for approximately 89 years of its approximately 97-year life. This would mean significant closures of the Boardwalk for decades, impacting residents and visitors of Coney Island and Brighton Beach, stifling local businesses, and slowing economic growth and vitality across the peninsula.
 
Black locust, while a durable and long-lasting wood, is currently unavailable in the quantity, grade, and size specifications that the boardwalk demands. For this reason, it's not a viable option for the Boardwalk.
 
Finally, the recycled plastic and concrete hybrid proposal. This option is also costly. At $112 per square foot, it will take more than 100 years to complete the full Boardwalk – assuming that funding for boardwalks maintains its current pattern. The critical advantage of this option, though, is its significantly longer lifespan: between 40 and 60 years. This type of durability is far more safe and sustainable than southern yellow pine.
 
While far from perfect, the recycled plastic and concrete option would create not only a far more long-lasting and cost-efficient boardwalk, but also one resulting in fewer durability-related closures over time. Also, it strikes a balance between cost-efficiency and aesthetics: the recycled plastic isn’t wood, but looks a lot like it. It’s worth remembering that the Department is making every effort to maintain the Boardwalk’s appearance by avoiding the far cheaper, yet less attractive, all-concrete route.
 
It’s also worth remembering that this is a 5-block pilot project subject to the grim reality of the Parks Department’s current capital project budget. Perhaps in the future, a cost effective, durable local wood will become available. But the locally harvested wood options currently under discussion simply aren't feasible. The Parks Department’s proposed recycled plastic and concrete solution best ensures the long-term sustainability and durability of the Coney Island Boardwalk.